Summary of Survey on Davidson’s Religious Heritage and Campus Values

Summary of Survey on Davidson’s Religious Heritage and Campus Values


This past summer, members of the Davidson campus community received an invitation from the Trustee Committee on Church-Relatedness to respond to a question about Davidson’s religious heritage, the values that define the college, and ways in which those values might be experienced.  The form of the question differed somewhat for alumni, faculty and staff, current students, and their parents in order to best reflect each group’s particular affiliation with the college.  The specific questions received by each group of prospective respondents are included in their respective sections.

As one would expect from the Davidson community, responses to the questions put forth by the Committee were thoughtful, articulate, and civil.  Davidson was described in terms that reflect its highest standards and principles, even when respondents didn’t agree about their source.  There was near universal agreement that, whatever the source, how values were realized at Davidson was deeper and more enduring than one might find on other campuses or within other organizations.  Whether prompted by the Reformed Tradition or the college’s Presbyterian heritage, other religious affiliations, or the moral and ethical behaviors one might reasonably hope to find in all good people, the defining characteristic of Davidson, as expressed by most respondents, is its culture of honor.

Several themes emerged across all respondent groups.  Even as individual respondents wrote about the effect that Davidson had on their personal endeavors, there was often an underlying awareness of community, in some form, and the effect individual choices have on others.  That is, an engagement with Davidson has the potential to radiate beyond the campus and beyond the any one person’s affiliation with it.

There was also an awareness of how one’s personal experiences, beliefs, and actions might be perceived by others within or external to the Davidson community.  At the same time, there was no indication that beliefs or actions were influenced by what others might think of them, nor was there evidence of an imperative to convince others that one’s particular beliefs or actions were the only way in which to lead a productive and principled life.

Finally, there is an underlying optimism that lives of leadership and service are not at odds with the world as a whole and are, in fact, consistent with Davidson’s place within it. Especially among alumni respondents, Davidson often provided an environment that nurtured an instinct already present and strengthened a resolve to live that life.  For some, that resolve can be traced to the college’s heritage; for others, it is independent of it.  For a small number, nurturing that resolve in future generations is threatened by a perception that the college’s heritage is in danger of being forgotten.

A brief description of themes by respondent group follows.  Given the thoughtful and articulate writing referred to above, however, individual responses that best exemplify those themes have been given priority over summarization.

Constituent Responses


The Davidson community is accustomed to hearing or speaking about the ways in which the college’s religious heritage affects the life of the college. As the Trustee Committee on Church-Relatedness continues its work, which includes developing a better understanding of the values derived from that heritage, we would like to hear more about the variety of ways Davidson’s alumni have made connections between the college’s values and their post-Davidson lives.  Are there two or three ways your experiences at Davidson have influenced your life, or the lives of others, that you can share with the committee?

Based on details contained within the responses, it appears to be a reasonable conclusion that they represent a wide swath of graduation years and life experiences since leaving the college.  Certainly they represent a variety of opinions on the role of religion and Davidson’s historical relationship with the Presbyterian Church.

Among the respondents were Presbyterians who did not attribute the values instilled in them to the Presbyterian Church or the college’s relationship with it, and Presbyterians who considered such a connection obvious and worth protecting.  There were respondents from religious traditions other than Christianity who attributed the same values to the tenets of those traditions as well as those who recognized a commonality across all faith traditions.  There were respondents without religious beliefs of any kind who considered honor, service, and ethical actions to be simply reflective of the values one has been taught, and that while a religious tradition may provide an organizational context for some, it is far from a prerequisite for all.

Respondents referred to the  “continuing influence” and “profound effect” on their lives of Davidson faculty and staff for whom religious faith was important and other faculty and staff whose religious beliefs were unknown but whose lives exemplified the same tenets of honesty, respect, and service.

One theme in the alumni responses was the way in which values learned or affirmed at Davidson—however derived—influenced both personal and professional aspects of one’s life.  Alumni described the importance of a general commitment of service to others but also described the ways in which the “strong ethical base” Davidson had provided was reflected in the way one’s career was engaged.  One respondent described a similar influence across multiple careers as well as on the various aspects of personal and family life.

Some respondents acknowledged a change during their student years regarding the increased importance placed on trust and integrity. Other respondents credited experiences after Davidson with a more profound and relevant effect on their lives than their experiences as students.

There were respondents who reframed the question in order to write about the particular issue that prompted the formation of the Trustee Committee.  The language in which these opinions were delivered was almost always reasoned and courteous, and the opinions themselves intended to fortify the college for its place in a changing world.  Respondents who advocated for continuing the requirement that the college’s president be an active member of the Presbyterian Church described an anchoring effect and a recognition of common values.  Respondents who advocated for its removal noted a changing alumni base not reflected in the requirement, and that common values and ethical behavior need not be grounded in a religious tradition.  For some, Davidson’s affiliation with the Presbyterian Church, as reflected in the requirement that the president be Presbyterian, is what sets it apart from other excellent liberal arts colleges.  For others, the requirement is contrary to the open and welcoming environment that is Davidson at its most fundamental.

Still others chose to reframe the question in order to write about their Davidson experiences and its influence on their lives with no reference to its religious heritage.  In some of those responses, a faculty member, administrator, or fellow student was the catalyst behind an insight that changed or strengthened the way the respondent perceived the world.  In others, the influence was more general, “Davidson” as place and experience.

Faculty and Staff

As the Trustee Committee on Church Relatedness continues its work, we would like to hear more about the variety of ways the Davidson community makes connections between the college’s values and work at Davidson.  Are there two or three ways those values influence you that you can share with the committee?

Honor and integrity, a balanced approach in both the classroom and laboratory, respect for others and for their ideas are hallmarks of Davidson for respondents among the faculty and staff.  Davidson’s values are reflected in how professors teach and conduct their research, in how staff function, and in interactions across all constituencies.  Words that appeared over and over in these responses were honesty, integrity, respect, truth, and service to others.  One respondent spoke to the perception that the Davidson community is held to a higher ethical standard than seen on other campuses, and that this standard is reflected in professional activities, interactions among community members, and in the way one presents oneself to others.

In general, faculty and staff did not feel those aspects of Davidson were necessarily due to its relationship with the Presbyterian Church.  More often they were described as independent of the college’s relationship with the church or at least not directly drawn from it, even if consistent with it.  In fact, consistency is a recurring phrase in the faculty and staff responses.  There is no sense that the college’s heritage insists on actions or beliefs that would not be part of the Davidson community regardless.  There is evidence of a compatibility between personal beliefs and the values of that community.

At the same time, some respondents expressed concerns that there were implicit exclusionary policies that compromised the college’s ability to provide good examples for students.  On a campus where the values on which all agree are lived daily, regardless of religious affiliation, an exclusionary practice with respect to one office, that of the president, is perceived as a contradiction not easily explained.

One respondent noted that the fact that Davidson has a connection to a religion frees him or her to bring theology or God into classroom discussions in a way that might not be possible to do on a secular campus. In general, respondents with religious convictions found a comfortable environment and those with none found an environment that does not consider honor and morality to be dependent on Christian beliefs.

Others, however, considered the college’s relationship with the Presbyterian Church critical when selecting a president even, as some respondents noted, the Board of Trustees is strengthened when comprised of individuals with a variety of beliefs.  For those respondents, the office of the president is perceived as particularly reflective of the college’s heritage.

Most responses were framed positively.  A handful were negative and almost equally associated with or against the college’s religious affiliation.  In those cases, faculty or staff who believed the association with the Presbyterian Church was weakening also believed that expressions of faith had been stifled. Faculty or staff who perceived a disproportionate emphasis on religious affiliation took offense at the implication that service and dedication to Davidson values were at risk without it. 


As a student at Davidson, you have probably heard, or been a participant in, discussions about the ways in which the college’s religious heritage affects the life of the college.  As the Trustee Committee on Church-Relatedness continues its work, which includes developing a better understanding of the values derived from that heritage, we would like to hear more about the variety of ways Davidson’s students may have made connections between the college’s values and their lives.  Are there two or three ways your experiences at Davidson have influenced your life, or the lives of others, that you can share with the committee?

A minority perception among students was that any disengagement from the Presbyterian church would dishonor Davidson’s Christian values because community and service to others is part of the Christian mission.  Instead, most student responses clustered around a common theme.  Davidson, according to these respondents, instills a higher work ethic and greater appreciation of service than other colleges but that neither is dependent on any religious tradition.  The desire to embody Davidson values of honesty, integrity, and compassion is personal; it may reflect a student’s religious or secular background and its expression may be as varied as the students themselves.  Those values, say most student respondents, have intrinsic worth.

Students noted the sense of community and an environment that encouraged personal growth.  While some further noted a positive effect of the college’s association with the Presbyterian Church, they felt it could not, by itself, explain the uniqueness of Davidson.


Within the Davidson community, there are often discussions about the college’s religious heritage and the life of the college.  As the Trustee Committee on Church-Relatedness continues its work, which includes developing a better understanding of the values derived from that heritage, we would like to hear more about the ways parents of Davidson students perceive those values and their effect on students’ experiences.  Are there ways you see Davidson influencing the life of your son or daughter that you can share with the committee?

Many parent respondents spoke about the particular experiences of their son or daughter at Davidson, or the considerations—such as academic rigor, strong faculty, curriculum, and the honor code—they had deliberated when choosing a college.  For the most part, families with religious traditions that were not Presbyterian or other forms of Christianity reported that their sons and daughters were comfortable with the atmosphere of openness and acceptance on campus.

At the same time, there were others among the parent respondents who described the college’s religious heritage as a critical component when deciding to include Davidson in their college search.  Those responses were more often from the parents’ perspective rather than the assumed effect on their sons or daughters.  That is, these were responses that often began with some form of “as a parent…” and spoke to a sense of security that their sons or daughters were enveloped in the college’s heritage.

As with all the respondent groups, parents had views on the college’s heritage that often differed widely.  Some were concerned that the Christian values they believed underlay American society were being set aside in an attempt to endorse, encourage, or, in the words of one, condone diversity.  Others were equally insistent on the need to move away from a strictly Christian definition of values and to recognize the place of those same values in faiths as diverse as Buddhism, Judaism, and African spirituality. Still others described a personal code of conduct not based in any religious tradition, a code that resonated with Davidson’s honor code and the importance placed on understanding and respecting others.

Regarding the ways in which parents see Davidson influencing the lives of their sons and daughters, there is strong agreement that the influence is positive and encouraging.  Many described interactions with faculty, staff, and students as “genuine” “sincere,” and “welcoming;” others acknowledged the presence of the honor code and emphasis on service. In writing about Davidson’s influence, as they had when writing about the college generally, some parents made a direct connection with religious heritage.  For others, again, the influence is based on an atmosphere that is tied to Davidson but not necessarily to its relationship with a particular church.  For still others, the influence is embedded in Davidson values that are not attributed to religious heritage of any kind.  Faculty and staff, and, especially, other students provided inspiration and concrete examples of dedication, purpose, and achievement for their sons and daughters.


About the Author

Doug MinorDoug Minor is director of digital communications at Davidson College.View all posts by Doug Minor →

  1. George Brewer
    George Brewer02-01-2013

    While I now, more then ever, cherish and respect the place of Christianity in the heritage of the Davidson ethic, and would strongly discourage the elimination, or minimalization, of the place of Faith in consideration of staff or administration. I am less concerned about the particular name on the personal door of Faith. Therefore, while I could not more strongly believe in the Heritage of the Presbyterian Church and Davidson, I think that we would eliminate possibly highly qualified individuals from consideration because of a different denominational preference.

  2. BG F J (Buck) Walters '62
    BG F J (Buck) Walters '6202-01-2013

    At the very outset of this questioning of Davidson’s relationship to the Prebyterian Church I asked whether or not the intent was to simply severe the relationship put forth in the bylaws to the Prebyterian Church or to eliminate altogether the requirement for the candidate for the position to be a person of faith.I have never recieved an answer and would very much like to know. It doesn’t matter to me that future presidents might not be Presbyterians; it matters a great deal that they might not be persons of Christian faith. Can tht question be answered in this venue? If not, whom do I ask? Thanks.

    • Tim Harden
      Tim Harden02-04-2013

      Well said Buck, stay the course on this! In the summary of responses above, what was most empahsized was the broad range of answers. Much was said about the value respondents placed on the strength of Davidson’s emphasis on moral ethic. Yet without the foundational absolute truth, as revealed by God in scripture, what is the source for our moral ethics? It becomes consensus, our moral consensus (if there is one, no percentages were reported above) blows about with the winds of change. I do not value tradition for its own sake but I do value proven success, Davidson’s past fruit speaks for itself, as will its future fruit. Removing the foundational ingredients of healthy soil, threatens the health of all future crops.

  3. Gene Early
    Gene Early02-01-2013

    It is pretty clear that diversity is important and valued at Davidson. From reading your summary, my conclusion is that you who are collectively tasked with making this decision regarding the President will be setting a precedent more far reaching than simply this decision with whatever decision you make. It also seems clear to me that you are foreshadowing that decision with your summaries–that there is a wide array of opinions that need to be considered and that creating a more open and “inclusive” atmosphere for people of all faiths and no faith will be what’s most important.

    In the work I do, I am very much engaged in creating spaces for inclusivity, for being a container for all opinions and views in which individuals then have the responsibility for challenging their personal world view and expanding it to engage the whole of the world we live in today. That said, I am sad that Davidson which has been uniquely formed through its Christian and Presbyterian heritage will lose this distinctiveness, much as Harvard, Yale, and Princeton and other such colleges have. I believe it will increasingly become enamored of a post-modern view that is situationally based, and standing for general values and principles (which I suspect will remain high quality at Davidson for some time) with no anchor to a source of those values. Without that anchor, over time we will see a drift and even the honor system which is so highly prized will be challenged.

    I believe Davidson is on the verge of losing a precious historical foundation which has made room for many different religions and perspectives. As such it will also lose the attraction for many Christian families, lose the strength of their Christian faith undergirding Davidson, and less and less be a place where Christ is honored. I think it will attract high quality, academically qualified students who will increasingly consider faith less important in their lives, even if they consider community service important.

    For myself as a Christian that strongly experiences the presence of a personal relationship with God, I am confident that His kingdom will remain strong and His purposes fulfilled in the lives of those He has called. However, I believe that Davidson has been losing, and will increasingly lose its rightful place as a beacon of true righteousness, even while it affirms “good” values that the world will applaud. The distinction between being “in the world” but not “of the world” is being lost at Davidson. That is unfortunate. I will continue to value my time at Davidson, even as I mourn what is happening to it spiritually.

  4. Drayton M. Sanders '59
    Drayton M. Sanders '5902-01-2013

    Davidson College is profoundly steeped in the Presbyterian Church. Her founders, supporters and contributors made their commitment based on its continuing to be endowed with the Christian/Presbyterian ethos. Their commitment and its significance should never be forgotten.

    Requiring her president to be Presbyterian, in my opinion, is less important than his or her being Christian and committed to academic freedom. The Christian ethic, I embrace, is tolerant and inclusive and should offer no threat to those who have a more secular stance.

  5. James E. Yarbrough, jr. '59
    James E. Yarbrough, jr. '5902-02-2013

    I agree with George Brewer, particularly the aprt about “highly qualified individuals being eliminated by denominational labels.”

  6. Dean Forburger
    Dean Forburger02-02-2013

    As a parent of a freshman, I have found Davidson to be a gracious, rigorous place, engaged and tolerant, all as it should be.

    The place for tradition and religion is to preserve the language so that words are not co-opted in a sort of code for other purposes. (I hope I do not give tradition and religion too much credit in this regard.) Semantic drift is perhaps in the nature of things over time. However, I think education is responsible for hard thinking, rational, multifaceted, honest with the language, which, in my mind, the affiliation with the Presbyterian church is an aid. I suppose I think so because I find so much care in the NIV Bible translation and so much “alternative thinking” among those who regard themselves highly for their intelligence, their care being to change the subject, while using the same words, so the shift is not obvious, except to those interested in the shift, who cannot abide sun light on the matter, because real solutions evade them.

    There is a grounding I sense at Davidson, which I much appreciate, which I missed in my own fine, liberal arts education (grounded in rational, analytical liberalism, that excluded the basis of tradition as “not progressive,” lacking background, uninformed, unreliable, or untrustworthy–alas, liberalism is not inclusive (of economics), but bounded by “belief!”) and which I attribute to your religious affiliation and honor code. Possibly semantics are the essence of sophistication, and my message here is elementary, or merely an emotional preference, but I think it goes to the heart of the value my son saw in attending Davidson.

    Though it hasn’t always been so, today I think objectivity, honesty, and rational analysis are better, more responsibly served by including your religious affiliation and its values than by excluding it.

    Exclusion is the tool of a weak argument, the tool of compartmentalized logic, the use of straw men and other fallacies. You may ask who is excluding whom, but then you are missing my point. Honest Christianity is inclusive, with high standards, and that is the issue. That is what you must pursue. That is the intent of the Presbyterian affiliation in the first place. (I wonder, is this about conservatives on a liberal campus questioning a liberalizing movement in the Presbyterian Church!?)

  7. Lawton Posey '57
    Lawton Posey '5702-02-2013

    When I came to Davidson, I had considered only Davidson and PC. I was interested in church, and while in college I found my religious understandings challenged and affirmed by teachers there. My instruction in English Bible was an introduction to critical thinking, perhaps not of the most radical kind. I was a singer, and the Male Chorus music and the leadership of Don Plott affirmed parts of my growing faith. There were several lay persons, teachers at DC whom I knew in other contexts, some in the Deavidson Methodist Church where I played the organ for a while. I was also influenced by the Episcopal services in Lingle, and was also their organist.

    As I think of it, perhaps the Christianity I held to was aesthetical and not particularly thoughtful. That being said, I found the struggle of Dr. Daggy instructive. As a Quaker he was puzzled that to become a Full Professor he should embrace the confessions of Presbyterianism. Eventually, somehow, he did.

    As for the religious affiliation of the President, I am flexible. Should she or he be a Christian? Possibly, but not absolutely. Another faith? I have friends who are faiths not related to the so called Judeo Christian bloc. In most ways, we are alike. We hope to be honest, reliable, kind and loving.
    I know too much now to believe that the Presbyterian must be Presbyterian.

    Finally, in some kind of deep gut feeling, I always have felt that the Presbyterian heritage of the college was part of what DC is. I would probably not have gone to a great “secular” university, but the later time I spent in one was heartening. That’s pretty much the way I feel now — open to possibilities, and hopeful that the Trustees will make a good, if not unanimous decision.

  8. Mark McLean '91
    Mark McLean '9102-02-2013

    If someone is deemed worthy of attending Davidson and is accepted into the Davidson family, I can’t imagine turning around and telling that person that they cannot be considered to lead it. No matter how it is framed, the current situation is still discriminatory. If people reject the idea of denying non-Christians admittance (which I certainly hope is the case), then accepting the idea of denying non-Christians the opportunity to lead Davidson is illogical.

    • Dean Forburger
      Dean Forburger02-02-2013

      Abraham Lincoln (on his selectively denying Due Process of Law, if he deemed that it diminished the military effort to win the Civil War):

      “I shall not keep the Constitution if keeping it means I will lose it.”

    • Dean Forburger
      Dean Forburger02-03-2013

      I think it’s safe to say, as we understand it today, logic excludes (or refutes) religion, because it is outside the natural laws of math and science, but Christianity includes logic, so Christianity is more inclusive.

      A student is free to learn what he wants, after fulfilling minimums, and (s)he has freely, knowingly, applied for and accepted his association with the religious arrangements at Davidson.

      Davidson, for its part, as its right, has designed itself to ensure inclusion and guidance of a spiritual aspect and character, spiritual values, as appropriate, by the simple minimum requirement that the President will be a practicing Presbyterian (as I understand it), to ensure (perhaps against the vagaries of time) the fullest available wisdom of a sound, liberal education, a spiritual aspect which every student is free to choose in his particular way, or not.

      Students graduate for many callings. The calling of Davidson College, its standard, is ongoing, comprehensive knowledge and wisdom, which its founders deemed to include a spiritual character. Their intent cannot be carried out by deleting their minimum requirement, converting their unique creation to precisely what they obviously intended to avoid. I fail to see the logic, unless the secular mind is held out as superior to their stated vision, and as appropriating the right to assume such superiority.

  9. Greg Harris '05
    Greg Harris '0502-02-2013

    I opened this summary hoping to see a quantitative aspect included in the survey results in order to see how many people in each group (alumni, students, parents) were for, against, or undecided.

    I also agree with the previous comments that the omission of the highly related and possibly more important separate question of whether the President should be Christian was a pretty serious omission. That point should be clarified.

  10. Reese Watt
    Reese Watt02-02-2013

    Several commenters have emphasized the important distinction between “Christian” and “Presbyterian”. I don’t feel a strong need to maintain a Presbyterian connection specifically, but I value the Christian connection very much. Here is a quote from Davidson’s Statement of Purpose that appears on the website:

    “The Christian tradition to which Davidson remains committed recognizes God as the source of all truth, and believes that Jesus Christ is the revelation of that God…”

    I believe that Jesus Christ is the way and the truth and the life. Therefore, I believe that any weakening of the statement above in any way would be a serious mistake and would diminish something very unique to Davidson.

  11. Andy Antonelli '95
    Andy Antonelli '9502-02-2013

    Much like Greg I was hoping for a more quantitative summary of the survey results. I prefer to consider the full data set including the outliers and draw my own conclusions. I was rather disappointed in the above qualitative and, in my opinion, biased summary. I received an excellent education at Davidson and was hoping to be treated to a more thoughtful, open, and data-based discussion with my equally well educated peers in this space. This issue is too important not to discuss in a complete fashion.

    I second, third, and fourth the need to put the president’s religious status on the table with these items as well. And if we want to have a discussion about Christian values, let’s also include the Court which was a blight on the Davidson campus in my day and continues to be one today. All of these issues are related to the Davidson experience. I can agree to disagree with a cohort with different, self-consistent beliefs, but I cannot stand for hypocrisy.

    • Dean Forburger
      Dean Forburger02-05-2013

      Reasoning, valid reasoning, is more important than statistics (Mark Twain: ” There are lies, damned lies, and statistics”). It is actually possible to democratically vote out freedom of speech, press, and religion, to destroy the market place of ideas, where thinking is refined by debate and open discourse for the better solution, the basis for democracy in the first place. Following fallacy is to be discouraged; it used to be that reasoned, democratic, open debate exposed fallacy. These days, “democracy” justifies economic fallacy, and, BTW, why not use it to cast out the “hypocrites,” rather than conceive valid reasoning.

      Hypocrisy is ever present. Christianity practically ensures some degree of sin by professing perfect standards for imperfect humans. The answer is NOT to blame the high standards of Christianity for hypocrisy (Nor to profess perfection as a standard) and cast out Christianity for the sins of humans.

  12. Rusty Lindsey '76
    Rusty Lindsey '7602-04-2013

    I also second the observation by several of the comments that I expected to see a quantitative summary of the survey, not a summary reflecting someone or some committee’s opinion. Such an overview is the least that should be provided.

    As a black student in the early 1970s, i experienced first hand the contradictions that were often created and fostered by Davidson’s heritage. While me and my fellow students of color were embraced by many students and faculty, there were several who were openly unwelcoming if not hostile. Regardless, most of us persevered and, more importantly, came to embrace our alma mater and are fully part of the Davidson family.

    We must recognize in this discussion that change is the only constant and that change can be recognized, acknowledged and embraced to the improvement of Davidson without leaving behind its values and traditions.

    I am most concerned that Davidson be able to attract and embrace as members of its administration, students, alumni, volunteers and supporters anyone who supports its mission and changed with continuing its history of openness, scholarship, and service. One’s faith should not be a barrier to any of those opportunities, just as gender, race, nationality, or other personal factors should not be.

    I like many alumni, want Davidson to continue to build upon its foundation and heritage but at the same time, recognize that a mark of civilization is continuous and positive growth and evolution.

    • Dean Forburger
      Dean Forburger02-06-2013

      Arguably, the influence of Christianity helped to open Davidson to more people of color. I would argue that is one import of Jesus’ inclusive teaching. “Change” of Davidson’s Christian affiliation by reducing it would “leave behind an aspect of its values and traditions,” which you say should not be done.

      Christianity is a supporter of dignity and respect for all, without discrimination based on race. This I agree without reservation. I regret the hostility you experienced and respect that you saw it through, for I believe Davidson would not have accepted you unless you were qualified. The positive growth of which you speak has been guided by Christian values. “Change” of that by eliminating the affiliation with Christian values would be regressive, indeed.

  13. Carl Rist '84
    Carl Rist '8402-06-2013

    I appreciated receiving an update this week from the college about the work of the Trustee Committee on Church-Relatedness and was glad to find this website with a collection of materials that help to document this process. However, I was a bit surprised that the summary of the survey of Davidson’s religious heritage that I found here was a rather impressionistic and qualitative summary. While I appreciate the qualitative side of analysis, I would really appreciate some more quantitative analysis here with numbers, graphs, charts, etc. I am sure the survey lends itself to such analysis. Frankly, when I read very ‘soft’ statements, such as (for example) “it appears to be a reasonable conclusion that they represent a wide swath of graduation years,” I am left wondering why we are not simply being provided with the data on this question.

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